Unraveling the Ancient Enigma: The Riddle of the Egyptian Sphinx

Unraveling the Ancient Enigma: The Riddle of the Egyptian Sphinx


The Egyptian Sphinx, an iconic symbol of ancient Egypt, has fascinated people for centuries. This magnificent statue, with the body of a lion and the head of a human, has stood proudly on the Giza Plateau near Cairo for over 4,500 years. However, despite its prominence and cultural significance, the true purpose and meaning behind the Sphinx continue to elude historians and archaeologists. In this article, we will delve into the mysterious world of the Sphinx, exploring its origins, potential riddles, and the various theories surrounding its existence.

Origins and Construction

The construction of the Sphinx is believed to have been commissioned by Pharaoh Khafre during the 4th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt, around 2500 BCE. It was carved out of a single massive limestone block, making it one of the largest monolithic statues in the world. The original face of the Sphinx is believed to be that of Pharaoh Khafre himself, although this is still a subject of debate among scholars.

Theories and Interpretations

Throughout history, numerous theories and interpretations have emerged regarding the purpose and symbolism of the Sphinx. One popular theory suggests that the Sphinx was built as a guardian of the pyramids, protecting the pharaoh’s eternal resting place from evil spirits and intruders. Others argue that it served as a representation of the sun god, Ra, due to its positioning towards the rising sun.

Another intriguing theory proposes that the Sphinx may hold hidden chambers or passageways beneath its colossal structure. Some believe these hidden chambers may contain precious artifacts or even secret knowledge from ancient civilizations. However, despite extensive excavations and explorations around the Sphinx, no conclusive evidence has been found to support this theory.

The Riddle of the Sphinx

The most famous association with the Sphinx is the riddle it posed to travelers in Greek mythology. According to the legend, the Sphinx would ask passersby a riddle and devour them if they failed to solve it. The riddle asked by the Sphinx was, “What walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening?” The answer, famously solved by Oedipus, is “Man”. This riddle symbolizes the stages of human life: crawling as a baby, walking upright as an adult, and using a cane in old age.


Q: Is the Sphinx older than the pyramids?

A: No, the Sphinx is believed to have been constructed during the 4th Dynasty, while the pyramids were built earlier, during the 3rd Dynasty.

Q: Can you go inside the Sphinx?

A: No, currently, tourists are not allowed to enter the Sphinx. However, there have been historical accounts of explorations and excavations within the Sphinx’s body.

Q: Is the face of the Sphinx that of Pharaoh Khafre?

A: There is ongoing debate among scholars regarding the true identity of the Sphinx’s face. While many believe it to be Pharaoh Khafre, others argue that it may represent a different pharaoh or even a mythical creature.

Q: Are there any hidden chambers beneath the Sphinx?

A: Despite various theories and explorations, no definitive evidence of hidden chambers or passageways has been discovered beneath the Sphinx.


The Egyptian Sphinx remains an enigma, captivating the minds of historians, archaeologists, and tourists alike. Its construction, purpose, and potential hidden secrets continue to intrigue and inspire countless research endeavors. While we may never fully unravel the mysteries surrounding the Sphinx, its presence and symbolism will undoubtedly endure for generations to come.