Unlocking the Secrets: Fascinating Discoveries Hidden in the Periodic Table of Elements

Unlocking the Secrets: Fascinating Discoveries Hidden in the Periodic Table of Elements


The Periodic Table of Elements is a fundamental tool in the field of chemistry. It organizes the known elements in a logical manner, allowing scientists to understand their properties and relationships. Beyond its practical use, the Periodic Table also holds a treasure trove of fascinating discoveries.

1. The Mystery of Element 118: Oganesson

One of the most intriguing discoveries in the Periodic Table is Element 118, known as Oganesson. Its creation was a monumental achievement, as it required the fusion of two atoms of calcium with 20 protons each. Oganesson is highly unstable and only exists for a fraction of a second before decaying, making it difficult to study. Its discovery sheds light on the limits of the known elements and pushes the boundaries of scientific understanding.

2. The Origins of Elements in Stars

The Periodic Table also reveals the fascinating origins of elements. Many of the heavier elements, such as gold and uranium, are formed through nuclear reactions in the core of massive stars. These elements are then scattered into space when the star explodes, enriching the universe with their presence. Understanding these stellar processes not only deepens our knowledge of the elements but also provides insights into the evolution of the universe itself.

3. Elements with Unique Properties

Within the Periodic Table, there are elements that possess extraordinary properties. For example, helium is the only element that cannot solidify under normal conditions. Its melting and boiling points are the lowest among all elements, which is why it remains a gas even at extremely low temperatures. On the other hand, carbon is a versatile element that can form various allotropes, including diamonds and graphite. These unique properties contribute to the diverse applications of these elements in various industries.

4. Mendeleev’s Predictions

Dmitri Mendeleev, the creator of the Periodic Table, made several predictions about undiscovered elements based on the gaps in the table. Remarkably, many of his predictions turned out to be correct. For example, he predicted the existence and properties of gallium, scandium, and germanium, which were all discovered later. This demonstrates the power of the Periodic Table as a predictive tool, guiding researchers towards new elements and expanding our understanding of the natural world.

5. The Quest for Superheavy Elements

Scientists continue to explore the Periodic Table in search of even heavier elements beyond Oganesson. These superheavy elements have an atomic number greater than 118 and are incredibly difficult to create and study due to their extreme instability. The race to synthesize and understand these elements pushes the boundaries of scientific knowledge and opens up new possibilities for the exploration of the natural world.


Q: How many elements are there in the Periodic Table?

A: As of now, there are 118 confirmed elements in the Periodic Table.

Q: Who discovered the Periodic Table?

A: The Periodic Table was developed by Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist, in 1869.

Q: Are there any gaps in the Periodic Table?

A: Yes, there are gaps in the Periodic Table, which represent elements that have not yet been discovered. These gaps provide opportunities for scientists to predict and search for new elements.

Q: Can elements be artificially created?

A: Yes, scientists can create elements by combining atoms using advanced nuclear reactions. However, these synthetic elements are often highly unstable and decay quickly.

Q: What is the lightest and heaviest element?

A: Hydrogen is the lightest element, while Oganesson is currently the heaviest confirmed element.


The Periodic Table of Elements not only serves as a vital tool for understanding the world of chemistry but also holds numerous hidden secrets waiting to be unlocked. From the creation of unstable elements like Oganesson to the origins of elements in the depths of stars, the Periodic Table continues to fascinate researchers and expand our knowledge of the natural world. By exploring its mysteries, scientists pave the way for new discoveries and a deeper understanding of the fundamental building blocks of our universe.